A mini-trial in Thailand is an alternative dispute resolution method, highly recommended by Juslaws & Consult, that allows parties to resolve conflicts and arrive at a mutually acceptable solution by means of a structured settlement process, thus avoiding a court trial.

A mini-trial does not result in a formal judgment, but it can be particularly effective when complex commercial issues are involved.

Process & Procedure of Mini-trials

Mini-trials in Thailand are most commonly used to resolve larger-scale conflicts involving areas such as antitrust and product liability. In the mini-trial each party presents its case but with the significant difference that they in fact "try" the case themselves and the presentations are much shorter than they would be in a court trial.

The parties in dispute must sign an agreement indicating that they consent to have their conflict resolved by means of a mini-trial. Each party then chooses representatives from management to sit on the panel. The representatives must have the authority to negotiate a settlement.

Top management representatives from both parties to the dispute hear the case presented by lawyers and experts in the field. Sometimes a neutral adviser, who can also be an expert in the subject area, conducts the hearing. After hearing the presentations the management representatives work to reach a resolution of the dispute. If they are not able to reach an agreement, they can ask the neutral advisor's advice on the most likely outcome and then resume the negotiation process.
The presence of top management representing both sides in the dispute, and the exchange of information are the keys to a mini-trial success. The presentations allow the management representatives to view the dispute as an outsider would see it, which can be helpful in setting the tone for a mutually-agreeable settlement.

If the mini-trial results in an agreement the terms and conditions are put into writing and the representatives of both parties sign the agreement, which is legally binding. One of the benefits to the parties is that the proceedings remain confidential and any statements made in the mini-trial are inadmissible in a court trial.

Juslaws & Consult

The experienced attorneys at Juslaws & always strive to advise clients on resolving conflicts in a manner that is most suitable to their business and the dispute at hand. Our professionals are adept at helping clients reach favorable outcomes by litigation as well as other alternative dispute resolution processes conducted outside the courtroom.


Mini-trials in Thailand require that clients have legal representatives to protect the rights of their clients. In addition to mini-trials, the Juslaws & Consult alternative dispute resolution (ADR) team in Thailand offers arbitration, mediation, and negotiation alternatives when these methods are suitable. Please feel free to contact Juslaws & Consult for more information.